Mechanical and hydraulic actuation strategies for mainstage spool valves in hydraulic motors

Grey C. Boyce-Erickson, Nathaniel J. Fulbright, John A.F. Voth, Thomas R. Chase, Perry Y. Li, James D. van de Ven

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A large variety of options for the internal valves of a hydraulic motor are available. Poppet valves, rotary valves, and port plates are common options, but each have drawbacks such as actuation force, complexity, leakage, or friction. An alternative type that is also common is spool valves. Spool valves require minimal actuation force and have low throttling losses if sized correctly. This paper compares two drive options for a mainstage spool valve: a hydraulic pilot from a rotary valve and mechanical actuation. Dynamic models of the two valve configurations are created to carry out design studies and evaluate the performance of the motor. Compressibility effects, viscous drag, and flow forces are included in the model. Simulations show that the rotary valve pilot operation causes an unacceptable lag in the motion of the spool that cannot be corrected without reducing performance when running in reverse. Furthermore, the rotary pilot stage drive results in the motor timing becoming retarded at higher operating speeds. For these reasons, mechanically actuated valves are preferred over pilot operated valves for hydraulic motors operated bidirectionally or across a wide speed range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME/BATH 2019 Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control, FPMC 2019
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791859339
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
EventASME/BATH 2019 Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control, FPMC 2019 - Longboat Key, United States
Duration: Oct 7 2019Oct 9 2019

Publication series

NameASME/BATH 2019 Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control, FPMC 2019

Conference

ConferenceASME/BATH 2019 Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control, FPMC 2019
CountryUnited States
CityLongboat Key
Period10/7/1910/9/19

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) under the Vehicle Technologies Office Award Number DE-EE0008335.

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