Mechanical and chemical weed control systems for kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)

Orvin C. Burnside, Melvin J. Wiens, Norman H. Krause, Sanford Weisberg, Eric A. Ristau, Michelle M. Johnson, Rebecca A. Sheets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Various chemical and mechanical weed control treatments for kidney bean production were evaluated on irrigated, sandy loam sites from 1993 to 1995 near Staples, MN. Weed biomass can be controlled either mechanically or chemically, but a combination of the two gave the most effective and dependable weed control over years. Good weed control by either mechanical or chemical means reduced white mold infection of dry bean because of better aeration of dry bean plants and thus less favorable conditions for infection. Dry bean seed yields were inversely related to weed yields, and weed competition was similar from indigenous stands of either grass or broadleaf weeds. Row cultivation was more effective than rotary hoeing for controlling weeds, reducing white mold infection of dry bean, and increasing dry bean seed yields.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-178
Number of pages5
JournalWeed Technology
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Keywords

  • Competition
  • Dry bean seed yield
  • Herbicides
  • Rotary hoe
  • Row cultivation
  • Sustainable crop production

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