Mechanical actuation of graphene sheets via optically induced forces

Mohammad Mahdi Salary, Sandeep Inampudi, Kuan Zhang, Ellad B. Tadmor, Hossein Mosallaei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


In this paper, we theoretically demonstrate the strong mechanical response of graphene sheets actuated by near-field optical forces. We study single-layer graphene and a two-layer graphene stack with large separation and show that tunable attractive and repulsive forces can be generated. A large nonlinear mechanical response can be obtained by driving the sheets through external radiation and guided modes. We report formation of graphene bubbles of several nanometers in height. Our study points towards new routes for mechanical actuation of graphene, providing new platforms for straintronics and flexible optoelectronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number235403
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 2 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the support of the Army Research Office (W911NF-14-0247) under the Multidisciplinary University Research Initiatives program.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Physical Society.


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