Measuring experiential avoidance

A preliminary test of a working model

Steven C. Hayes, Kirk Strosahl, Kelly G. Wilson, Richard T. Bissett, Jacqueline Pistorello, Dosheen Toarmino, Melissa A Polusny, Thane A. Dykstra, Sonja V. Batten, John Bergan, Sherry H. Stewart, Michael J. Zvolensky, Georg H. Eifert, Frank W. Bond, John P. Forsyth, Maria Karekla, Susan M. Mccurry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The present study describes the development of a short, general measure of experiential avoidance, based on a specific theoretical approach to this process. A theoretically driven iterative exploratory analysis using structural equation modeling on data from a clinical sample yielded a single factor comprising 9 items. A fully confirmatory factor analysis upheld this same 9-item factor in an independent clinical sample. The operational characteristics of the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ) were then examined in 8 additional samples. All totaled, over 2,400 participants were studied. As expected, higher levels of experiential avoidance were associated with higher levels of general psychopathology, depression, anxiety, a variety of specific fears, trauma, and a lower quality of life. The AAQ related to more specific measures of avoidant coping and to self-deceptive positivity, but the relation to psychopathology could not be fully accounted for by these alternative measures. The data provide some initial support for the model of experiential avoidance based on Relational Frame Theory that is incorporated into Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and provides researchers with a preliminary measure for use in population-based studies on experiential avoidance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)553-578
Number of pages26
JournalPsychological Record
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

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Psychopathology
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
Statistical Factor Analysis
Fear
Anxiety
Quality of Life
Research Personnel
Depression
Wounds and Injuries
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires
Avoidance
Acceptance
Questionnaire

Cite this

Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K., Wilson, K. G., Bissett, R. T., Pistorello, J., Toarmino, D., ... Mccurry, S. M. (2004). Measuring experiential avoidance: A preliminary test of a working model. Psychological Record, 54(4), 553-578. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03395492

Measuring experiential avoidance : A preliminary test of a working model. / Hayes, Steven C.; Strosahl, Kirk; Wilson, Kelly G.; Bissett, Richard T.; Pistorello, Jacqueline; Toarmino, Dosheen; Polusny, Melissa A; Dykstra, Thane A.; Batten, Sonja V.; Bergan, John; Stewart, Sherry H.; Zvolensky, Michael J.; Eifert, Georg H.; Bond, Frank W.; Forsyth, John P.; Karekla, Maria; Mccurry, Susan M.

In: Psychological Record, Vol. 54, No. 4, 01.01.2004, p. 553-578.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hayes, SC, Strosahl, K, Wilson, KG, Bissett, RT, Pistorello, J, Toarmino, D, Polusny, MA, Dykstra, TA, Batten, SV, Bergan, J, Stewart, SH, Zvolensky, MJ, Eifert, GH, Bond, FW, Forsyth, JP, Karekla, M & Mccurry, SM 2004, 'Measuring experiential avoidance: A preliminary test of a working model', Psychological Record, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 553-578. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03395492
Hayes SC, Strosahl K, Wilson KG, Bissett RT, Pistorello J, Toarmino D et al. Measuring experiential avoidance: A preliminary test of a working model. Psychological Record. 2004 Jan 1;54(4):553-578. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03395492
Hayes, Steven C. ; Strosahl, Kirk ; Wilson, Kelly G. ; Bissett, Richard T. ; Pistorello, Jacqueline ; Toarmino, Dosheen ; Polusny, Melissa A ; Dykstra, Thane A. ; Batten, Sonja V. ; Bergan, John ; Stewart, Sherry H. ; Zvolensky, Michael J. ; Eifert, Georg H. ; Bond, Frank W. ; Forsyth, John P. ; Karekla, Maria ; Mccurry, Susan M. / Measuring experiential avoidance : A preliminary test of a working model. In: Psychological Record. 2004 ; Vol. 54, No. 4. pp. 553-578.
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