Measures for assessing subjective effects of potential reduced-exposure products

Karen Hanson, Richard O'Connor, Dorothy Hatsukami

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Potential reduced-exposure products (PREP) may reduce toxicant exposure and thereby may possibly reduce health risks associated with conventional tobacco use. However, lessened health risk to the individual or harm to the population through the use of PREPs is unknown. Research is being conducted to evaluate the possible health effects associated with PREP use. As part of this evaluation, it is critical to provide sound measures of subjective responses to PREPs to determine the use and the abuse potential of a product, that is, the likelihood that the product will lead to addiction. The goal of this paper is to conduct a systematic review of scales that have been used to measure the subjective responses to PREPs and examine their characteristics. In this article, scales are identified and the items on the scales are described. Scales are also examined to determine whether they are sensitive in testing PREPs. Furthermore, scales to assess PREPs are recommended to investigators. Where no scales exist, items that may be critical for the development and validation of new scales are identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3209-3224
Number of pages16
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2009


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