Organic photovoltaic cell performance is limited in part by a short exciton diffusion length (LD). While state-of-the-art devices address this challenge using a morphology-optimized bulk heterojunction (BHJ), longer LD would relax domainsize constraints and enable higher efficiency in simple bilayer architectures. One approach to increase LD is to exploit long-lived triplet excitons in fluorescent materials. Though these states do not absorb light, they can be populated using a host-guest triplet-sensitized architecture. Photogenerated host singlets undergo energy transfer to a guest, which rapidly forms triplets that are transferred back to the long-lived host triplet state. Previous efforts have been focused on Pt-and Irbased guests. Here, a host-guest pairing of metal-free phthalocyanine (H2Pc) and copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) is explored, advantageous as the guest also has strong and complementary optical absorption. In optimized devices (20 vol.% CuPc), the short-circuit current is enhanced by 20%. To probe the origin of the enhancement, the exciton LD is measured using a device-based methodology that relies on fitting ratios of donor-to-acceptor internal quantum efficiency as a function of layer thickness. Compared with the neat H2Pc, the LD of the 20 vol.% CuPc doped layer increases from (8.5 ± 0.4) nm to (13.4 ± 1.6 nm), confirming the increased device current comes from enhanced exciton harvesting.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Organic, Hybrid, and Perovskite Photovoltaics XX|
|Editors||Zakya H. Kafafi, Paul A. Lane, Kwanghee Lee|
|State||Published - 2019|
|Event||Organic, Hybrid, and Perovskite Photovoltaics XX 2019 - San Diego, United States|
Duration: Aug 12 2019 → Aug 15 2019
|Name||Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering|
|Conference||Organic, Hybrid, and Perovskite Photovoltaics XX 2019|
|Period||8/12/19 → 8/15/19|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support by National Science Foundation (NSF) Solid-State and Materials Chemistry DMR-1708177.
support by National Science Foundation (NSF)
© 2019 SPIE.
- Exciton Diffusion Length
- Organic Photovoltaic Cells
- Triplet Excitons
- Triplet Sensitizers