Measurements in film cooling flows: Hole lid and turbulence intensity effects

S. W. Burd, R. W. Kaszeta, T. W. Simon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Scopus citations


Hot-wire anemometry measurements of simulated film cooling are presented to document the influence of the free-stream turbulence intensity and film cooling hole lengthto- diameter ratio on mean velocity and on turbulence intensity. Measurements are taken in the zone where the coolant and free-stream flows mix. Flow from one row of film cooling holes with a streamwise injection of 35° and no lateral injection and with a coolant-to-free-stream flow velocity ratio of 1.0 is investigated under freestream turbulence levels of 0.5 and 12 percent. The coolant-to-free-stream density ratio is unity. Two length-to-diameter ratios for the film cooling holes, 2.3 and 7.0, are tested. The measurements document that under low free-stream turbulence conditions pronounced differences exist in the flowfield between L/D = 7.0 and 2.3. The differences between L/D cases are less prominent at high free-stream turbulence intensities. Generally, short-L/D injection results in “jetting” of the coolant farther into the free-stream flow and enhanced mixing. Other changes in the flowfield attributable to a rise in free-stream turbulence intensity to engine-representative conditions are documented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)791-798
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Turbomachinery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1998


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