The laminar-turbulent transition process has been documented in a concave-wall boundary layer subject to low (0.6%) free-stream turbulence intensity. Transition . began at a Reynolds number, Rex (based on distance from the leading edge of the test wall), of 3.5×105 and was completed by 4.7×105 . The transition was strongly influenced by the presence of stationary, streamwise, Gortler vortices. Transition under similar conditions has been documented in previous studies, but because concave-wall transition tends to be rapid, measurements within the transition zone were sparse. In this study, emphasis is on measurements within the zone of intermittent flow. Twenty-five profiles of mean streamwise velocity, fluctuating streamwise velocity, and intermittency have been acquired at five values of Rex , and five spanwise locations relative to a Cartier vortex. The mean velocity profiles acquired near the vortex downwash sites exhibit inflection points and local minima. These minima, located in the outer part of the boundary layer, provide evidence of a "tilting" of the vortices in the spanwise direction. Profiles of fluctuating velocity and intermittency exhibit peaks near the locations of the minima in the mean velocity profiles. These peaks indicate that turbulence is generated in regions of high shear, which are relatively far from the wall. The transition mechanism in this flow is different from that on flat walls, where turbulence is produced in the near-wall region. The peak intermittency values in the profiles increase with Rex, but do not follow the "universal" distribution observed in most flat-wall, transitional boundary layers. The results have applications whenever strong concave curvature may result in the formation of Gortler vortices in otherwise 2-D flows. Because these cases were run with a low value of free-stream turbulence intensity, the flow is not a replication of a gas turbine flow. However, the results do provide a base case for further work on transition on the pressure side of gas turbine airfoils, where concave curvature effects are combined with the effects of high free-stream turbulence and strong streamwise pressure gradients, for they show the effects of embedded stretunwise vorticity in a flow that is free of high-turbulence effects.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Turbomachinery|
|Publisher||Web Portal ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)|
|State||Published - 1996|
|Event||ASME 1996 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, GT 1996 - Birmingham, United Kingdom|
Duration: Jun 10 1996 → Jun 13 1996
|Name||ASME 1996 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, GT 1996|
|Other||ASME 1996 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, GT 1996|
|Period||6/10/96 → 6/13/96|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
Copyright © 1996 by ASME.