Measurements from normal umbilical cord blood of four lysosomal enzymatic activities: α-L-iduronidase (Hurler), galactocerebrosidase (globoid cell leukodystrophy), arylsulfatase A (metachromatic leukodystrophy), arylsulfatase B (Maroteaux-Lamy)

R. DeGasperi, S. S. Raghavan, M. A. Gama Sosa, E. H. Kolodny, C. Carrier, P. Rubenstein, C. Peters, J. Wagner, J. Kurtzberg, W. Krivit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Umbilical cord blood (UCB) has received increasing attention as a source of unrelated hematopoietic stem cells for transplantation. Lysosomal diseases have been effectively treated and normal enzymatic activity has occurred subsequent to engraftment using UCB. The use of donor cells with normal amounts of enzyme, rather than those from carriers whose level may be 50% or less, is an obvious goal. The frequency of such heterozygotes varies from 1:10 to 1:140 or lower depending upon the disease at issue. We assayed the levels of lysosomal enzymes in normal UCB in random samples as well as those used for transplantation. We measured the following enzymatic activities: α-L-iduronidase (Hurler), galactocerebrosidase (globoid cell leukodystrophy) and arylsulfatase A (metachromatic leukodystrophy). For the latter, levels of activity in UCB are comparable to those found in adult blood. In the case of arylsulfatase B (Maroteaux-Lamy) a level lower than adult level was found. An informed choice by the transplanting physician based on the activity of the relevant enzyme in the UCB donor will provide a better opportunity for an improved prognosis for more complete correction of the recipient's primary disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-544
Number of pages4
JournalBone marrow transplantation
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Cord blood
  • Lysosomal enzyme activities

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