Measurement properties and cross-cultural equivalence of negotiation with outdoor recreation constraints: An exploratory study

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Abstract

This study examined the measurement properties and cross-cultural equivalence of a constraints negotiation model in the context of outdoor recreation. A convenience sample of 263 U.S. and 537 Chinese university students provided data by completing questionnaires in English and Chinese, respectively. Multiple models were fitted using confrmatory factor analysis. A hypothesized six-factor first-order model did not fit the U.S. data, but a modified four-factor model achieved acceptable fit. A second-order negotiation measurement model fit the U.S. data, but failed the nested?2 tests. Results did not support conceptual invariance between the English and Chinese version of the scale, suggesting further inquiry is important before moving forward with its use cross-culturally. Findings and implications are discussed with future studies suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-153
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Leisure Research
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Chinese
  • Measurement invariance
  • Second order model
  • Tau-equivalence

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