Measurement of three antibiotics (penicillin, cephalothin, and chloramphenicol) when present together in mixtures.

L. D. Sabath, P. B. Loder, D. A. Gerstein, M. Finland

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Benzylpenicillin, cephalothin, and chloramphenicol were measured individually and quantitatively when present together in mixtures at concentrations found in patients. The assay depended on the selective inactivation of two of the antibiotics, permitting the third to be assayed as if present alone. Agar seeded with a chloramphenicol-resistant, penicillinase-negative Staphylococcus aureus was used for a cylinder-plate assay of appropriately diluted fluid to determine the activity of either benzylpenicillin or cephalothin after either beta-lactamase inactivation of the former or ultraviolet light inactivation of the latter. Chloramphenicol was assayed with Sarcina lutea after appropriate beta-lactamase inactivation of both cephalothin and benzylpenicillin. Fluids containing various amounts of the three antibiotics were assayed by this method with less than 8% error. Procedures that fail to measure each antibiotic individually may give larger errors.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)877-880
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Microbiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1968


  • Biological Assay
  • Cephalothin/an [Analysis]
  • Cephalothin/bl [Blood]
  • Cephalothin/pd [Pharmacology]
  • Cephalothin/re [Radiation Effects]
  • Cephalothin/ur [Urine]
  • Chloramphenicol/an [Analysis]
  • Chloramphenicol/bl [Blood]
  • Chloramphenicol/ur [Urine]
  • Humans
  • Penicillin G/an [Analysis]
  • Penicillin G/bl [Blood]
  • Penicillin G/pd [Pharmacology]
  • Penicillin G/ur [Urine]
  • Penicillin Resistance
  • Penicillinase/me [Metabolism]
  • Sarcina/de [Drug Effects]
  • Staphylococcus/de [Drug Effects]

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