Measurement of the surface concentration for bioassay kinetic in microchannels

Aurélien Bancaud, Gaudeline Wagner, Kevin D. Dorfman, Jean Louis Viovy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


We present a simple and versatile method, based on fluorescence microscopy, to reliably measure the concentration of adverted molecules in the vicinity of surfaces in microchannels. This tool is relevant to many microfluidic applications such as immunoassays and single-molecule experiments, where one probes the kinetics of a reaction between an immobilized target and a reactant carried by the bulk flow. The characterization of the surface concentration highlights the dominant role of transverse diffusion, which generates an apparent diffusivity at the surface 3-4 orders of magnitude greater than molecular diffusion alone, even close to the point of injection. We directly measure the effects of the longitudinal position along the channel and of the flow rate on the concentration front and develop a simple analytical model that compares well with the data. Finally, we propose a method to properly account for concentration fronts in single-molecule measurements and use it to directly access the kinetics parameters of protamine-induced condensation of DNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-839
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 2005


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