Measurement of the nucleon structure function F2 in the nuclear medium and evaluation of its moments

M. Osipenko, G. Ricco, S. Simula, M. Ripani, M. Taiuti, K. P. Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, M. Anghinolfi, H. Avakian, H. Baghdasaryan, M. Battaglieri, V. Batourine, I. Bedlinskiy, A. S. Biselli, D. Branford, W. J. Briscoe, W. K. Brooks, V. D. Burkert, S. L. Careccia, D. S. CarmanP. L. Cole, P. Collins, V. Crede, A. D'Angelo, A. Daniel, N. Dashyan, R. De Vita, E. De Sanctis, A. Deur, B. Dey, S. Dhamija, R. Dickson, C. Djalali, D. Doughty, R. Dupre, H. Egiyan, A. El Alaoui, P. Eugenio, S. Fegan, T. A. Forest, A. Fradi, M. Y. Gabrielyan, N. Gevorgyan, G. P. Gilfoyle, K. L. Giovanetti, W. Gohn, R. W. Gothe, K. A. Griffioen, L. Guo, K. Hafidi, H. Hakobyan, C. Hanretty, N. Hassall, D. Heddle, K. Hicks, M. Holtrop, Y. Ilieva, D. G. Ireland, E. L. Isupov, S. S. Jawalkar, H. S. Jo, K. Joo, D. Keller, M. Khandaker, P. Khetarpal, W. Kim, A. Klein, F. J. Klein, V. Kubarovsky, S. E. Kuhn, S. V. Kuleshov, V. Kuznetsov, K. Livingston, H. Y. Lu, D. Martinez, M. Mayer, J. McAndrew, M. E. McCracken, B. McKinnon, C. A. Meyer, M. Mirazita, V. Mokeev, B. Moreno, K. Moriya, B. Morrison, H. Moutarde, E. Munevar, P. Nadel-Turonski, R. Nasseripour, S. Niccolai, I. Niculescu, A. I. Ostrovidov, R. Paremuzyan, K. Park, S. Park, E. Pasyuk, S. Anefalos Pereira, S. Pisano, O. Pogorelko, S. Pozdniakov, J. W. Price, S. Procureur, Y. Prok, D. Protopopescu, B. A. Raue, G. Rosner, P. Rossi, F. Sabatié, M. S. Saini, J. Salamanca, C. Salgado, P. Saracco, R. A. Schumacher, H. Seraydaryan, Y. G. Sharabian, E. S. Smith, D. Sober, D. Sokhan, S. S. Stepanyan, S. Stepanyan, P. Stoler, S. Strauch, D. J. Tedeschi, S. Tkachenko, M. Ungaro, B. Vernarsky, M. F. Vineyard, E. Voutier, D. P. Watts, D. P. Weygand, M. H. Wood, A. Yegneswaran, J. Zhang, B. Zhao

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3 Scopus citations


We report on the measurement of inclusive electron scattering off a carbon target performed with CLAS at Jefferson Laboratory. A combination of three different beam energies 1.161, 2.261 and 4.461 GeV allowed us to reach an invariant mass of the final-state hadronic system W≈2.4 GeV with four-momentum transfers Q2 ranging from 0.2 to 5(GeV/c)2. These data, together with previous measurements of the inclusive electron scattering off proton and deuteron, which cover a similar continuous two-dimensional region of Q2 and Bjorken variable x, permit the study of nuclear modifications of the nucleon structure. By using these, as well as other world data, we evaluated the F2 structure function and its moments. Using an OPE-based twist expansion, we studied the Q2-evolution of the moments, obtaining a separation of the leading-twist and the total higher-twist terms. The carbon-to-deuteron ratio of the leading-twist contributions to the F2 moments exhibits the well-known EMC effect, compatible with that discovered previously in x-space. The total higher-twist term in the carbon nucleus appears, although with large systematic uncertainties, to be smaller with respect to the deuteron case for n<7, suggesting partial parton deconfinement in nuclear matter. We speculate that the spatial extension of the nucleon is changed when it is immersed in the nuclear medium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-32
Number of pages32
JournalNuclear Physics A
Issue number1-4
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, the French Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique, the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation and the National Research Foundation of Korea. The Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) operated the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility for the United States Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05-84ER40150.


  • Higher twists
  • Moments
  • Nuclear modifications
  • Nucleon structure
  • OPE
  • QCD


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