We report a measurement of the νμ-nucleus inclusive charged-current cross section (=σcc) on iron using data from the INGRID detector exposed to the J-PARC neutrino beam. The detector consists of 14 modules in total, which are spread over a range of off-axis angles from 0° to 1.1°. The variation in the neutrino energy spectrum as a function of the off-axis angle, combined with event topology information, is used to calculate this cross section as a function of neutrino energy. The cross section is measured to be σcc(1.1 GeV)=1.10±0.15 (10-38 cm2/nucleon), σcc(2.0 GeV)=2.07±0.27 (10-38 cm2/nucleon), and σcc(3.3 GeV)=2.29±0.45 (10-38 cm2/nucleon), at energies of 1.1, 2.0, and 3.3 GeV, respectively. These results are consistent with the cross section calculated by the neutrino interaction generators currently used by T2K. More importantly, the method described here opens up a new way to determine the energy dependence of neutrino-nucleus cross sections.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank the J-PARC staff for superb accelerator performance and the CERN NA61 Collaboration for providing valuable particle production data. We acknowledge the support of MEXT, Japan; NSERC (Grant No.SAPPJ-2014-00031), NRC and CFI, Canada; CEA and CNRS/IN2P3, France; DFG, Germany; INFN, Italy; National Science Centre (NCN), Poland; RSF, RFBR, and MES, Russia; MINECO and ERDF funds, Spain; SNSF and SERI, Switzerland; STFC, United Kingdom; and DOE, USA. We also thank CERN for the UA1/NOMAD magnet, DESY for the HERA-B magnet mover system, NII for SINET4, the WestGrid and SciNet consortia in Compute Canada, and GridPP, United Kingdom. In addition, participation of individual researchers and institutions has been further supported by funds from ERC (FP7), H2020 RISE-GA644294-JENNIFER, EU; JSPS, Japan; Royal Society, United Kingdom; DOE Early Career program, USA.