Measurement of the multiple-muon charge ratio in the MINOS Far Detector

P. Adamson, I. Anghel, A. Aurisano, G. Barr, M. Bishai, A. Blake, G. J. Bock, D. Bogert, S. V. Cao, T. J. Carroll, C. M. Castromonte, R. Chen, S. Childress, J. A B Coelho, L. Corwin, D. Cronin-Hennessy, J. K. De Jong, S. De Rijck, A. V. Devan, N. E. DevenishM. V. Diwan, C. O. Escobar, J. J. Evans, E. Falk, G. J. Feldman, W. Flanagan, M. V. Frohne, M. Gabrielyan, H. R. Gallagher, S. Germani, R. A. Gomes, M. C. Goodman, P. Gouffon, N. Graf, R. Gran, K. Grzelak, A. Habig, S. R. Hahn, J. Hartnell, R. Hatcher, A. Holin, J. Huang, J. Hylen, G. M. Irwin, Z. Isvan, C. James, D. Jensen, T. Kafka, S. M S Kasahara, G. Koizumi, M. Kordosky, A. Kreymer, K. Lang, J. Ling, P. J. Litchfield, P. Lucas, W. A. Mann, M. L. Marshak, N. Mayer, C. McGivern, M. M. Medeiros, R. Mehdiyev, J. R. Meier, M. D. Messier, W. H. Miller, S. R. Mishra, S. Moed Sher, C. D. Moore, L. Mualem, J. Musser, D. Naples, J. K. Nelson, H. B. Newman, R. J. Nichol, J. A. Nowak, J. O'Connor, M. Orchanian, R. B. Pahlka, J. Paley, R. B. Patterson, G. Pawloski, A. Perch, M. M. Pfützner, D. D. Phan, S. Phan-Budd, R. K. Plunkett, N. Poonthottathil, X. Qiu, A. Radovic, B. Rebel, C. Rosenfeld, H. A. Rubin, P. Sail, M. C. Sanchez, J. Schneps, A. Schreckenberger, P. Schreiner, R. Sharma, A. Sousa, N. Tagg, R. L. Talaga, J. Thomas, M. A. Thomson, X. Tian, A. Timmons, J. Todd, S. C. Tognini, R. Toner, D. Torretta, G. Tzanakos, J. Urheim, P. Vahle, B. Viren, A. Weber, R. C. Webb, C. White, L. Whitehead, L. H. Whitehead, S. G. Wojcicki, R. Zwaska

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Abstract

The charge ratio, Rμ=Nμ+/Nμ-, for cosmogenic multiple-muon events observed at an underground depth of 2070 mwe has been measured using the magnetized MINOS Far Detector. The multiple-muon events, recorded nearly continuously from August 2003 until April 2012, comprise two independent data sets imaged with opposite magnetic field polarities, the comparison of which allows the systematic uncertainties of the measurement to be minimized. The multiple-muon charge ratio is determined to be Rμ=1.104±0.006(stat)-0.010+0.009(syst). This measurement complements previous determinations of single-muon and multiple-muon charge ratios at underground sites and serves to constrain models of cosmic-ray interactions at TeV energies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number052017
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume93
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 30 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the U.S. DOE, the U.K. STFC, the U.S. NSF, the State and University of Minnesota, the University of Athens, Greece, and Brazil's FAPESP, CAPES and CNPq. We are grateful to the Texas Advanced Computer Center, the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, the crew of Soudan Underground Laboratory, and the Fermilab personnel for their contributions to this effort.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Physical Society.

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