Measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry of Λ and Λ ¯ production in p p ¯ collisions

V. M. Abazov, B. Abbott, B. S. Acharya, M. Adams, T. Adams, J. P. Agnew, G. D. Alexeev, G. Alkhazov, A. Alton, A. Askew, S. Atkins, K. Augsten, C. Avila, F. Badaud, L. Bagby, B. Baldin, D. V. Bandurin, S. Banerjee, E. Barberis, P. BaringerJ. F. Bartlett, U. Bassler, V. Bazterra, A. Bean, M. Begalli, L. Bellantoni, S. B. Beri, G. Bernardi, R. Bernhard, I. Bertram, M. Besançon, R. Beuselinck, P. C. Bhat, S. Bhatia, V. Bhatnagar, G. Blazey, S. Blessing, K. Bloom, A. Boehnlein, D. Boline, E. E. Boos, G. Borissov, M. Borysova, A. Brandt, O. Brandt, R. Brock, A. Bross, D. Brown, X. B. Bu, M. Buehler, V. Buescher, V. Bunichev, S. Burdin, C. P. Buszello, E. Camacho-Pérez, B. C K Casey, H. Castilla-Valdez, S. Caughron, S. Chakrabarti, K. M. Chan, A. Chandra, E. Chapon, G. Chen, S. W. Cho, S. Choi, B. Choudhary, S. Cihangir, D. Claes, J. Clutter, M. Cooke, W. E. Cooper, M. Corcoran, F. Couderc, M. C. Cousinou, J. Cuth, D. Cutts, A. Das, G. Davies, S. J. De Jong, E. De La Cruz-Burelo, F. Déliot, R. Demina, D. Denisov, S. P. Denisov, S. Desai, C. Deterre, K. Devaughan, H. T. Diehl, M. Diesburg, P. F. Ding, A. Dominguez, A. Dubey, L. V. Dudko, A. Duperrin, S. Dutt, M. Eads, D. Edmunds, J. Ellison, V. D. Elvira, Y. Enari, H. Evans, A. Evdokimov, V. N. Evdokimov, A. Fauré, L. Feng, T. Ferbel, F. Fiedler, F. Filthaut, W. Fisher, H. E. Fisk, M. Fortner, H. Fox, J. Franc, S. Fuess, P. H. Garbincius, A. Garcia-Bellido, J. A. García-González, V. Gavrilov, W. Geng, C. E. Gerber, Y. Gershtein, G. Ginther, O. Gogota, G. Golovanov, P. D. Grannis, S. Greder, H. Greenlee, G. Grenier, Ph Gris, J. F. Grivaz, A. Grohsjean, S. Grünendahl, M. W. Grünewald, T. Guillemin, G. Gutierrez, P. Gutierrez, J. Haley, L. Han, K. Harder, A. Harel, J. M. Hauptman, J. Hays, T. Head, T. Hebbeker, D. Hedin, H. Hegab, A. P. Heinson, U. Heintz, C. Hensel, I. Heredia-De La Cruz, K. Herner, G. Hesketh, M. D. Hildreth, R. Hirosky, T. Hoang, J. D. Hobbs, B. Hoeneisen, J. Hogan, M. Hohlfeld, J. L. Holzbauer, I. Howley, Z. Hubacek, V. Hynek, I. Iashvili, Y. Ilchenko, R. Illingworth, A. S. Ito, S. Jabeen, M. Jaffré, A. Jayasinghe, M. S. Jeong, R. Jesik, P. Jiang, K. Johns, E. Johnson, M. Johnson, A. Jonckheere, P. Jonsson, J. Joshi, A. W. Jung, A. Juste, E. Kajfasz, D. Karmanov, I. Katsanos, M. Kaur, R. Kehoe, S. Kermiche, N. Khalatyan, A. Khanov, A. Kharchilava, Y. N. Kharzheev, I. Kiselevich, J. M. Kohli, A. V. Kozelov, J. Kraus, A. Kumar, A. Kupco, T. Kurča, V. A. Kuzmin, S. Lammers, P. Lebrun, H. S. Lee, S. W. Lee, W. M. Lee, X. Lei, J. Lellouch, D. Li, H. Li, L. Li, Q. Z. Li, J. K. Lim, D. Lincoln, J. Linnemann, V. V. Lipaev, R. Lipton, H. Liu, Y. Liu, A. Lobodenko, M. Lokajicek, R. Lopes De Sa, R. Luna-Garcia, A. L. Lyon, A. K A Maciel, R. Madar, R. Magaña-Villalba, S. Malik, V. L. Malyshev, J. Mansour, J. Martínez-Ortega, R. McCarthy, C. L. McGivern, M. M. Meijer, A. Melnitchouk, D. Menezes, P. G. Mercadante, M. Merkin, A. Meyer, J. Meyer, F. Miconi, N. K. Mondal, M. Mulhearn, E. Nagy, M. Narain, R. Nayyar, H. A. Neal, J. P. Negret, P. Neustroev, H. T. Nguyen, T. Nunnemann, J. Orduna, N. Osman, J. Osta, A. Pal, N. Parashar, V. Parihar, S. K. Park, R. Partridge, N. Parua, A. Patwa, B. Penning, M. Perfilov, Y. Peters, K. Petridis, G. Petrillo, P. Pétroff, M. A. Pleier, V. M. Podstavkov, A. V. Popov, M. Prewitt, D. Price, N. Prokopenko, J. Qian, A. Quadt, B. Quinn, P. N. Ratoff, I. Razumov, I. Ripp-Baudot, F. Rizatdinova, M. Rominsky, A. Ross, C. Royon, P. Rubinov, R. Ruchti, G. Sajot, A. Sánchez-Hernández, M. P. Sanders, A. S. Santos, G. Savage, M. Savitskyi, L. Sawyer, T. Scanlon, R. D. Schamberger, Y. Scheglov, H. Schellman, M. Schott, C. Schwanenberger, R. Schwienhorst, J. Sekaric, H. Severini, E. Shabalina, V. Shary, S. Shaw, A. A. Shchukin, V. Simak, P. Skubic, P. Slattery, D. Smirnov, G. R. Snow, J. Snow, S. Snyder, S. Söldner-Rembold, L. Sonnenschein, K. Soustruznik, J. Stark, D. A. Stoyanova, M. Strauss, L. Suter, P. Svoisky, M. Titov, V. V. Tokmenin, Y. T. Tsai, D. Tsybychev, B. Tuchming, C. Tully, L. Uvarov, S. Uvarov, S. Uzunyan, R. Van Kooten, W. M. Van Leeuwen, N. Varelas, E. W. Varnes, I. A. Vasilyev, A. Y. Verkheev, L. S. Vertogradov, M. Verzocchi, M. Vesterinen, D. Vilanova, P. Vokac, H. D. Wahl, M. H L S Wang, J. Warchol, G. Watts, M. Wayne, J. Weichert, L. Welty-Rieger, M. R J Williams, G. W. Wilson, M. Wobisch, D. R. Wood, T. R. Wyatt, Y. Xie, R. Yamada, S. Yang, T. Yasuda, Y. A. Yatsunenko, W. Ye, Z. Ye, H. Yin, K. Yip, S. W. Youn, J. M. Yu, J. Zennamo, T. G. Zhao, B. Zhou, J. Zhu, M. Zielinski, D. Zieminska, L. Zivkovic

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Abstract

We study Λ and Λ¯ production asymmetries in pp¯→Λ(Λ¯)X, pp¯→J/ψΛ(Λ¯)X, and pp¯→μ±Λ(Λ¯)X events recorded by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider at s=1.96 TeV. We find an excess of Λ's (Λ¯'s) produced in the proton (antiproton) direction. This forward-backward asymmetry is measured as a function of rapidity. We confirm that the Λ¯/Λ production ratio, measured by several experiments with various targets and a wide range of energies, is a universal function of "rapidity loss," i.e., the rapidity difference of the beam proton and the lambda.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number032002
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume93
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 9 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the staffs at Fermilab and collaborating institutions, and acknowledge support from the Department of Energy and National Science Foundation (U.S.); the Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission and the National Center for Scientific Research/National Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics (France); the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" of the Russian Federation, and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Russia); the National Council for the Development of Science and Technology and the Carlos Chagas Filho Foundation for the Support of Research in the State of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); the Department of Atomic Energy and the Department of Science and Technology (India); the Administrative Department of Science, Technology and Innovation (Colombia); the National Council of Science and Technology (Mexico); the National Research Foundation of Korea (Korea); the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (Netherlands); the Science and Technology Facilities Council and The Royal Society (United Kingdom); the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (Czech Republic); Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (the Federal Ministry of Education and Research) and Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (the German Research Foundation) (Germany); Science Foundation Ireland (Ireland); the Swedish Research Council (Sweden); China Academy of Sciences and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (China); and the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (Ukraine).

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