Measurement of pathological personality traits according to the DSM-5: A Polish adaptation of the PID-5. Part I – theoretical foundations

Tomasz Rowiński, Monika Kowalska-Dąbrowska, Włodzimierz Strus, Jan Cieciuch, Iwona Czuma, Cezary Żechowski, Kristian E. Markon, Robert Krueger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


The latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) proposes a novel hybrid system of personality disorder diagnosis in addition to the one previously laid down in the DSM-IV-TR. This alternative diagnostic system, published within Section III of the DSM-5, was hoped to overcome the inherent limitations of categorical diagnosis by integrating the categorical and dimensional approaches to personality disorders. As such, it constitutes a bridge between psychiatric pathology classifications and findings from psychological research on the structure of normal personality. At the core of the hybrid DSM-5 system lies a new model of pathological personality traits, operationalized using the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5). This paper outlines the background and main features of the DSM-5 hybrid system of personality disorder diagnosis with a focus on the dimensional model of pathological traits and definitions thereof. The current status, application potential and limitations of the DSM-5 diagnostic system and the pathological traits model are also discussed. In another paper, the authors present the PID-5 inventory and report on a study investigating a Polish adaptation of this instrument.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-22
Number of pages16
JournalPsychiatria Polska
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019



  • DSM-5
  • PID-5
  • Personality disorders

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review

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