Measurement of pathological personality traits according to the DSM-5: A Polish adaptation of the PID-5 Part II – empirical results

Tomasz Rowiński, Monika Kowalska-Dąbrowska, Włodzimierz Strus, Jan Cieciuch, Iwona Czuma, Cezary Żechowski, Kristian E. Markon, Robert Krueger

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OBJECTIVES: This paper presents results of a study on the Polish adaptation of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5), which was developed to measure pathological traits under a new, dimensional model proposed in Section III of the DSM-5 as part of a hybrid alternative system of personality disorder diagnosis.

METHODS: The study involved a clinical sample (N = 129 individuals with a mean age of M = 32.40; SD = 9.08; 84.5% with a personality disorder diagnosis) and a non-clinical one (N = 1,043 individuals with a mean age of M = 34.98; SD = 15.71). Two questionnaires: the PID-5 and the MMPI-2 (Minnesota MultiphasicPersonality Inventory - 2) were use in the study.

RESULTS: The results showed the Polish adaptation of the PID-5 to be reliable and valid (the internal consistency coefficients for the PID-5 scales and subscales were high in clinical sample and at satisfactory level in non-clinical sample). All scales and almost all subscales of the PID-5 turned out to differentiate between clinical and non-clinical samples. The PID-5 scales and subscales exhibited a consistent pattern of relationships with the Personality Psy-chopathology Five (PSY-5) dimensions and with the clinical scales of the MMPI-2.

CONCLUSIONS: Obtained data demonstrate the PID-5 to be a satisfactory operationalization of the pathological personality trait model, and at the same time corroborate the scientific value of the DSM-5 model itself.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-48
Number of pages26
JournalPsychiatria Polska
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
* The work of Jan Cieciuch was supported by Grants 2014/14/M/HS6/00919 from the National Science Centre, Poland

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Polish Psychiatric Association. All rights reserved.


  • DSM-5
  • PID-5
  • Personality disorders
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Humans
  • Personality Assessment/standards
  • Male
  • Personality Disorders/diagnosis
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales/standards
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Young Adult
  • Poland
  • Adult
  • Female

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Validation Study


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