Measurement of Noise Along Electrostatically Focused Electron Beams

H. L. Hartnagel, A. Gopinath, S. On

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Noise Noise along periodic-electrostatically focused electron beams have been measured. The noise variation is periodic with the wavelength of the reduced plasma frequency. It is concluded that electrostatic focusing exhibits similar noise properties as magnetic focusing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)936-938
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1968


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