Measurement of multi-wall carbon nanotube penetration through a screen filter and single-fiber analysis

Jing Wang, Seong Chan Kim, David Y.H. Pui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


In this study, we carried out experiments to study penetration of airborne carbon nanotubes (CNTs) through a screen filter. An electrospray system was employed to aerosolize suspensions of multi-wall CNTs. The generated airborne CNTs were characterized by electron microscopy, and the length and diameter were measured. In the filtration experiments, the challenging CNTs are classified by a differential mobility analyzer. Monodisperse CNTs with the same electrical mobility were then employed to challenge the screen filter. Penetration was measured for CNTs in the range of 100-400 nm mobility diameters. The results showed that the CNT penetration was less than the penetration for a sphere with the same mobility diameter, which was mainly due to the larger interception length of the CNTs. We compared the modeling results using single-fiber filtration efficiency theories with the experimental data, and found that the effective interception length can be approximated by the CNT aerodynamic diameter multiplying a scaling factor. A hypothesis is proposed to understand the observation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4565-4573
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments This study was partially supported by the NSF grant (Award ID: 1056479) on ‘‘Real Time Measurement of Agglomerated or Aggregated Airborne Nanoparticles Released from a Manufacturing Process and Their Transport Characteristics’’. The authors would like to thank the support of the members of the Center for Filtration Research: 3M Corporation, Boeing Company, Cummins Filtration Inc., Donaldson Company Inc., Entegris Inc, Hollingsworth & Vose Company, Samsung Semiconductor Inc., Shigematsu Works CO., LTD, TSI Inc., W. L. Gore & Associates, and the affiliate member National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).


  • Control technology
  • Emission controls
  • Environmental and health implications
  • Filtration
  • Pollution control equipment


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