Measurement and control of triboelectrically charged silica and glassy carbon particles

Chull Ahn Young, Hyun Kim Doo, Chan Kim Seong, Gene Hwang Eu, Geon Lee Chang, Tae Kim Gil, Soo Shin Hee, Keun Lee Jae, Hoon Lee Sang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, a particle trajectory analysis and charging measurements of triboelectrically charged silica and glassy carbon particles were conducted to investigate the effects of charging gas velocity and particle size on triboelectrical charging characteristics. A particle motion analysis system (PMAS) was used to measure charged particle motion information in the separation chamber with an applied uniform electric field, and the particle charging amount was calculated from the particle size and the electrostatic mobility was determined by the PMAS. The test system consisted of a particle generator, a spiral-type tribocharger made of a copper tube, and a particle motion analysis system to measure the particle size and velocity. The experiments were conducted with test particles of silica and glassy carbon and the average charging gas velocities of 6, 10, 15, 20 m/s to analyze the effect on particle charging. As a result, the silica and glassy carbon particles acquired negative and positive charges, respectively, due to the differences in the work functions, and the charging gas velocity effect on particle charge was approximately linear with an increasing velocity yielding a higher average particle charge and wider distribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-320
Number of pages16
JournalParticulate Science and Technology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study is supported financially by the Brain Korea 21 project and the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation, No. 981-1212-036-2. Address correspondence to Jae Keun Lee, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pusan National University, San 30, Changjeon-Dong, Keumjeong-Ku, Busan, 609-735, Korea. E-mail: jklee@pusan.ac.kr

Keywords

  • Charge measurement
  • Particle charging
  • Particle motion analysis system (PMAS)
  • Triboelectrostatic separation

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