This prospective study assessed vital bone quality and quantity after grafting maxillary sinuses with anorganic bone mineral containing a cell binding peptide (ABM/P-15) in combination with DFDBA (Mix I), hydrogel/ABM/P-15 (Mix II), or PRP (Mix III). Fifteen maxillary sinuses in 12 patients were grafted with the ABM/P-15 mixtures and after 4 to 5 months, cores were taken and analyzed histologically and histomorphometrically. Fifty-nine screw-type implants were placed. Mixes containing a spacer material (Mix I and II) produced greater average vital bone, more mature bone, and more interconnected bone bridges from the cortical (oral) end to the most apical portion, compared to a mix that lacked a spacer material (Mix III). None of the 59 implants failed with any graft material up to 5 months following implant placement. The study demonstrates that new trabecular bone is formed after grafting ABM/P-15 in the sinus floor; that more vital bone is formed when ABM/P-15 is mixed with a spacer material than without; and that implants can be successfully placed.
- Anorganic bone matrix
- Dental implants
- Human maxillary bone regeneration