Background: Passively acquired maternal derived immunity (MDI) is a double-edged sword. Maternal derived antibody-mediated immunity (AMI) and cell-mediated immunity (CMI) are critical immediate defenses for the neonate; however, MDI may interfere with the induction of active immunity in the neonate, i.e. passive interference. The effect of antigen-specific MDI on vaccine-induced AMI and CMI responses to Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) was assessed in neonatal piglets. To determine whether CMI and AMI responses could be induced in piglets with MDI, piglets with high and low levels of maternal M. hyopneumoniae-specific immunity were vaccinated against M. hyopneumoniae at 7 d of age. Piglet M. hyopneumoniae-specific antibody, lymphoproliferation, and delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses were measured 7 d and 14 d post vaccination.Results: Piglets with M. hyopneumoniae-specific MDI failed to show vaccine-induced AMI responses; there was no rise in M. hyopneumoniae antibody levels following vaccination of piglets in the presence of M. hyopneumoniae-specific MDI. However, piglets with M. hyopneumoniae-specific MDI had primary (antigen-specific lymphoproliferation) and secondary (DTH) M. hyopneumoniae-specific CMI responses following vaccination.Conclusions: In this study neonatal M. hyopneumoniae-specific CMI was not subject to passive interference by MDI. Further, it appears that both maternal derived and endogenous CMI contribute to M. hyopneumoniae-specific CMI responses in piglets vaccinated in the face of MDI.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||BMC Veterinary Research|
|State||Published - Jun 5 2014|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors wish to thank Don Johnson for help arranging the farm Prairie Land Pork for this study. The authors also wish to thank Prairie Land Pork for help during sampling sessions; Deepti Joshi for laboratory assistance; Midwest Research Swine for the generous donation of supplies; Prototek for the generous donation of the M. hyopneumoniae antigen. MB was supported from NIH T32 DA07097.
- Cell-mediated immunity
- Maternal derived immunity
- Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
- Passive interference