Maternal gestational iron status and infant haematological and neurodevelopmental outcomes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prevention of iron deficiency (ID), the most common micronutrient deficiency in infants and children, begins prenatally by ensuring adequate fetal loading. Adequate intrauterine iron status is crucial for normal fetal brain development, postnatal brain performance and prevention of early postnatal iron deficiency, particularly in infants fed exclusively human milk. Adequate fetal loading may be achieved in some cases through adequate maternal iron levels prior to pregnancy and oral iron supplementation during pregnancy. However, because so many women are iron-deficient leading up to pregnancy, coupled with the negative iron balance induced by pregnancy, a large number of women remain iron-deficient during pregnancy. More consistent iron-specific early screening and more effective iron delivery approaches are needed to solve this global problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-98
Number of pages7
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume130
Issue numberS3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Keywords

  • brain
  • fetus
  • iron deficiency
  • newborn
  • pregnancy

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review

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