Case:A 10-year-old boy experienced a pathologic diaphyseal femur fracture through a large cyst encompassing 40% of femoral length. At age 5, he had had a traumatic ipsilateral diaphyseal femur fracture, treated with flexible nailing. Biopsy at age 10 revealed a simple bone cyst with components of aneurysmal bone cyst. Curettage, antegrade nailing, and allograft resulted in successful osseous healing.Conclusion:Post-traumatic cysts of long bones are rare and have not been reported to cause pathologic fracture in children. This case highlights that close scrutiny of follow-up radiographs of long bone fractures may identify clinically important post-traumatic cysts.
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