Marker Imputation in Barley Association Studies

Jean Luc Jannink, Hiroyoshi Iwata, Prasanna R. Bhat, Shiaoman Chao, Peter Wenzl, Gary J. Muehlbauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Association mapping requires high marker density, potentially leading to many missing marker data and to high genotyping costs. In human genetics, methods exist to impute missing marker data and whole markers typed in a reference panel but not in the experimental dataset. We sought to determine if an imputation method developed for human data would function effectively in a barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) panel. The panel contained 98 lines, 2517 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers, and 716 Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) markers. Averaged over markers, masked scores were correctly imputed 97.1% of the time. We chose 610 and 273 tag markers in two- and six-row barley subpopulations, respectively. Despite this low number of tags, imputation accuracy was such that for about 80% of non-tag markers, the prediction r2 between imputed and true scores was 0.8 or higher. When DArT markers were used as tags, SNP markers were imputed with similar accuracy, suggesting that the method can convert association information from one marker system (e.g., DArT) to another marker system (e.g., SNP). We believe marker imputation methods will have an important future in association studies as a component of tagging methods and in reducing problems due to missing data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberTPG2PLANTGENOME2008090006
JournalPlant Genome
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2009

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© 2009 The Authors.


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