Mapping shallow heterogeneity with teleseismic P to Rg scattered waves

Justin Revenaugh, Hal Mendoza

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Over 9000 records of teleseismic P-wave coda from the Southern California Seismic Network are used to map lateral variations in P to Rg scattering strength and the group velocity of scattered Rg. Building on the results of Revenaugh (1995a), we use the correlation of scattering strength and topographic roughness as an indicator of model fit to estimate group-velocity dispersion over five frequency bands between 0 and 3 Hz. Rg group velocity displays normal dispersion, decreasing from 2.7 ± 0.3 km/sec for frequencies between 0 and 0.6 Hz to a low of 2.2 ± 0.4 km/sec for the 2.0 to 3.0 Hz band. Lateral heterogeneity is introduced by assuming Rg velocity is a function of local topographic roughness. Grid-search/migration analysis yields group velocities of 2.2 and 2.85 km/sec for "smooth" and "rough" terrain, respectively, and a 150-m threshold for the local standard deviation of topography distinguishing "smooth" from "rough." The map of scattering strength approximates topographic roughness throughout southern California, implying that teleseismic P-wave coda duration and relative amplitude level 7depend strongly on near-surface (<3 km) geology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1194-1199
Number of pages6
JournalBulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 1996


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