Managing forest ecosystem services for hydropower production

Adrian L. Vogl, P. James Dennedy-Frank, Stacie Wolny, Justin A. Johnson, Perrine Hamel, Urvashi Narain, Anil Vaidya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


In many countries, hydropower development is rapidly becoming a focus of green growth policies. This represents a significant opportunity for ecosystem services-based land management that integrates environmental and development goals to benefit the hydropower sector and support economic growth. In this study, we present an approach for targeting ecosystem-provision investment in hydropower catchments coupled with hydrologic modeling to quantify the benefits of soil and water conservation activities. We demonstrate the application of this approach in five hydropower facility catchments in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India. The results show that there is a high potential for targeted soil and water conservation to increase sediment retention services that benefit hydropower facilities (up to a 44% reduction in sediment transported from uplands into streams), although this benefit is distributed non-uniformly across catchments and levels of investment. The extent to which services can be improved is strongly driven by current land use and management practices that impact how and where conservation activities can be located. Iterative use of the method described here, in a process of stakeholder engagement and capacity-building, enables policy makers to determine the optimal mix of land management strategies and budget allocation to maximize service improvements that support hydropower production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-229
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Policy
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016.


  • Ecosystem services
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Hydropower
  • India
  • Sediment retention
  • Water yield


Dive into the research topics of 'Managing forest ecosystem services for hydropower production'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this