Management of primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the kidney with inferior vena cava thrombus

Sahil Gupta, Kaustav Majumder, Anurag Chahal, Ashish K. Saini, Arjun Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) are an aggressive group of small round cell tumors usually arising in the nervous system and affecting children. They have a tendency for local invasion, distant spread and formation of tumor thrombi. The kidney is a rare primary location for these tumors. Outcomes are frequently poor due to late diagnosis (Wilms tumor is a more common tumor in this population) and early spread. Immunohistochemistry is invaluable in making the diagnosis of PNET. We report a case of a primary renal PNET with extensive tumor thrombus into the inferior vena cava, and lung metastasis in a pediatric patient, and its successful management. Our 14-year-old patient with renal PNET was managed with radical nephrectomy, thrombectomy and chemotherapy and remains disease free to date. The diagnosis of renal PNETs should be considered in young adult patients who present with aggressive renal masses at initial presentations. Despite its aggressive nature, good outcomes can be achieved by a multimodality therapeutic strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-50
Number of pages4
JournalCurrent Urology
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Kidney cancer
  • Primitive neuroectodermal tumors
  • Thrombosis

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