Management of Patients with Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer in the Real-World Setting in the United States

Charles J. Ryan, Xuehua Ke, Marie Hélène Lafeuille, Hela Romdhani, Frederic Kinkead, Patrick Lefebvre, Allison Petrilla, Zul Pulungan, Seung Kim, Denise M. D'Andrea, Peter Francis, Stephen J. Freedland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Purpose:This study provides a contemporary assessment of the treatment patterns, health care resource utilization (HRU) and costs among metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer (mCSPC) patients in the U.S.Materials and Methods:Adults with mCSPC were selected from Optum's de-identified Clinformatics® Data Mart Database (Commercial insurance/Medicare Advantage [COM/MA]; January 1, 2014-July 31, 2019) or Medicare Fee-for-Service (FFS; January 1, 2014-December 31, 2017). The index date was the first metastatic disease diagnosis date on/after the first prostate cancer diagnosis (without prior evidence of castration resistance). Patients were observed for 12 months pre-index (baseline) through their mCSPC period (from index until castration resistance or followup end). First-line (1L) mCSPC therapy was assessed during the mCSPC period; all-cause HRU and health plan-paid costs per-patient-per-year (PPPY) were measured during baseline and mCSPC periods.Results:Among 6,517 COM/MA and 13,324 Medicare-FFS mCSPC patients over ∼10 months (median mCSPC period), 38% and 48% remained untreated/deferred treatment, and 45% and 46% received 1L androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) monotherapy, respectively. 1L abiraterone acetate and docetaxel were used among 7% and 6% of COM/MA and 1% and 2% of Medicare-FFS patients, respectively. HRU increased from baseline to mCSPC period, resulting in increased health plan-paid costs from $21,201 to $108,767 in COM/MA and from $16,819 to $69,639 PPPY in Medicare-FFS.Conclusions:This study highlights the limited use of newer therapies that improve survival in men with mCSPC in the U.S. HRU and costs increased substantially after onset of metastasis. Given the emergence of newer effective mCSPC therapies, further evaluation of future real-world mCSPC treatment patterns and outcomes is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1420-1429
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Declaration of funding: Financial support for this research was provided by Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC. The study sponsor was involved in several aspects of the research, including the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis and interpretation of the data; preparation, review and approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.


  • health care costs
  • neoplasm metastasis, castration
  • procedures and techniques utilization
  • prostatic neoplasms

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Observational Study


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