Management of Do Not Resuscitate Orders Before Invasive Procedures

Jennifer Wong, Amy Gravely, Peter G Duane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: In 2017, the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) implemented the Life-Sustaining Treatment Decisions Initiative (LSTDI), which created a portable and durable code status for use across its health care system. Patients who now have a durable do not resuscitate (DNR) status may undergo invasive procedures. Few studies have examined whether proceduralists discuss DNR status and document changes before procedures.

Objective: To assess baseline percentage of suspension of DNR before nonsurgical invasive procedures and determine whether an academic detailing intervention consisting of training proceduralists in the use of a template that allows rapid suspension of DNR status increases percentage of DNR acknowledgments.

Methods: Single-center, quasi-experimental pre- and postassessments were done in high-volume, procedural areas, including gastroenterology, cardiology, and interventional radiology, in a VA medical center. The primary outcome was the proceduralists' documentation of DNR status acknowledgment before a nonsurgical invasive procedure at baseline and after the intervention. Logistic regression was used to compare percentage of DNR acknowledgment with time (before, after) and procedural area and assessing their interaction in the model.

Results: The interaction between department and time revealed wide variation in documentation of DNR acknowledgment. Examining the model predicted percentages from the interaction, preintervention percentages for gastroenterology, cardiology and interventional radiology were 46%, 75.6%, and 7.5%, respectively, and postintervention model predicted percentages were 53.5%, 91.7%, and 26.3%, respectively. Only the before vs after contrast for interventional radiology was significantly different. When all procedural areas were combined, the percentage of DNR acknowledgment significantly improved from 38.6% to 61.1% (P = .01).

Conclusions: Before nonsurgical invasive procedures, the percentage of DNR acknowledgment was low but after, the intervention significantly improved. Further research is needed to assess its impact on patient-centered outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-83
Number of pages4
JournalFederal practitioner : for the health care professionals of the VA, DoD, and PHS
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2021 Frontline Medical Communications Inc., Parsippany, NJ, USA.

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


Dive into the research topics of 'Management of Do Not Resuscitate Orders Before Invasive Procedures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this