Malignant Hyperthermia-Susceptible Adult Patient and Ambulatory Surgery Center: Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia and Ambulatory Surgical Care Committee of the American Society of Anesthesiologists Position Statement

Richard D. Urman, Niraja Rajan, Kumar Belani, Steven Gayer, Girish P. Joshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This document represents a joint effort of the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia (SAMBA) and the Ambulatory Surgical Care Committee of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) concerning the safe anesthetic care of adult malignant hyperthermia (MH)-susceptible patients in a free-standing ambulatory surgery center (ASC). Adult MH-susceptible patients can safely undergo a procedure in a free-standing ASC assuming that proper precautions for preventing, identifying, and managing MH are taken. The administration of preoperative prophylaxis with dantrolene is not indicated in MH-susceptible patients scheduled for elective surgery. There is no evidence to recommend an extended stay in the ASC, and the patient may be discharged when the usual discharge criteria for outpatient surgery are met. Survival from an MH crisis in an ASC setting requires early recognition, prompt treatment, and timely transfer to a center with critical care capabilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-349
Number of pages3
JournalAnesthesia and analgesia
Volume129
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

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Malignant Hyperthermia
Ambulatory Care
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
Anesthesia
Dantrolene
Critical Care
Anesthetics
Survival

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this

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abstract = "This document represents a joint effort of the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia (SAMBA) and the Ambulatory Surgical Care Committee of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) concerning the safe anesthetic care of adult malignant hyperthermia (MH)-susceptible patients in a free-standing ambulatory surgery center (ASC). Adult MH-susceptible patients can safely undergo a procedure in a free-standing ASC assuming that proper precautions for preventing, identifying, and managing MH are taken. The administration of preoperative prophylaxis with dantrolene is not indicated in MH-susceptible patients scheduled for elective surgery. There is no evidence to recommend an extended stay in the ASC, and the patient may be discharged when the usual discharge criteria for outpatient surgery are met. Survival from an MH crisis in an ASC setting requires early recognition, prompt treatment, and timely transfer to a center with critical care capabilities.",
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