Malignant hyperthermia susceptibility: cardiac histomorphometry of dogs and young and market-weight swine.

P. J. O'Brien, T. F. Fletcher, A. L. Metz, H. J. Kurtz, B. K. Reed, W. E. Rempel, E. G. Clark, C. F. Louis

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Abstract

The defect causing malignant hyperthermia has been proposed to involve cardiac as well as skeletal muscle. We tested the hypothesis that histomorphometric parameters for ventricular wall from malignant hyperthermia-susceptible swine and dogs were abnormal. Hearts were obtained from: mature dogs, age- and weight-matched young swine (89 +/- 15 days, 30 +/- 3 kg); and market-weight swine (102 +/- 10 kg). Using light microscopy, estimates were made for muscle nuclear dimensions and the volume-fraction of nuclei, sarcoplasm, blood vessels, and interstitial space. Cardiac maturation in both MH and normal swine was accompanied by decreased myocyte volume-fraction due to decreased nuclear volume-fraction and increased interstitial space volume-fraction. Sarcoplasm and vasculature volume-fraction were unchanged after maturation. Nuclear volume-fraction was slightly greater (p less than 0.05) in the right ventricle than the left for malignant hyperthermia and normal swine. Myocyte nuclear dimensions were generally similar among animals. Dogs and the oldest group of swine were not significantly different. Myocytes of all swine contained multiple nuclei, closely spaced in rows of 2 to 12. In contrast, most myocytes of mature dogs apparently contained one or two nuclei. Histomorphometric values were not significantly different between normal and malignant hyperthermia young swine and dogs. However, within the market-weight swine, volume-fraction for malignant hyperthermia myocytes and myocyte nuclei was decreased and interstitial space was increased compared to normal.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-55
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian journal of veterinary research = Revue canadienne de recherche veterinaire
Volume51
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

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    O'Brien, P. J., Fletcher, T. F., Metz, A. L., Kurtz, H. J., Reed, B. K., Rempel, W. E., Clark, E. G., & Louis, C. F. (1987). Malignant hyperthermia susceptibility: cardiac histomorphometry of dogs and young and market-weight swine. Canadian journal of veterinary research = Revue canadienne de recherche veterinaire, 51(1), 50-55.