Making trans parents visible: Intersectionality of trans and parenting identities

Beth A. Haines, Alex A. Ajayi, Helen Boyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


This article explores the self-reported parenting challenges of 50 transgender parents based on an online survey of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans parents in the United States. Many trans parents transitioned after forming a family, whereas others had children after or even during transition. They coordinated their transition with parenting responsibilities, and carefully managed their visibility in parenting settings to protect their children. This analysis focuses on the challenges that trans parents faced at the intersection of their parenting and trans identities. Although trans parents share many of the concerns of cisgender parents, they also face unique challenges that must often be navigated without extensive support. Revealing these challenges increases trans parents' visibility in society, and could help therapists and school administrators become more sensitive to the intersectional identities of trans people and the stressors unique to trans parenting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-247
Number of pages10
JournalFeminism and Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a Lawrence University Faculty Research Grant, and a McNair Fellowship to Alex Ajayi.


  • intersectionality
  • LGBT parenting
  • trans
  • Transgender
  • transition


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