Maintenance and Generalization in Functional Behavior Assessment/Behavior Intervention Plan Literature

Brittany Pennington, Jessica Simacek, Jennifer McComas, Kristen McMaster, Marianne Elmquist

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


School practitioners increasingly use functional behavior assessments to design behavior intervention plans when students engage in challenging behavior that is not improved by classroom management or standard interventions. Behavior intervention plans should aim to produce behavior change that maintains across time and generalizes to relevant contexts. In applied terms, maintenance occurs when a behavior continues to occur after the intervention is fully or partially withdrawn; generalization occurs when a learner engages in a trained behavior in an untrained context. This review examined the current status of maintenance and generalization in the school-based FBA/BIP literature and found that many school-based researchers continue to implement the intervention during the maintenance phase or in the generalization contexts. Implications for practice and directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-53
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Behavioral Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 15 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding The research described in this article was supported in part by Grant H325H140001 from the Office of Special Education Programs, U.S. Department of Education. Nothing in the article necessarily reflects the positions or policies of the federal government, and no official endorsement by it should be inferred.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Assessment
  • Behavior
  • Generalization
  • Intervention
  • Maintenance


Dive into the research topics of 'Maintenance and Generalization in Functional Behavior Assessment/Behavior Intervention Plan Literature'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this