Main-group porphyrins in artificial photosynthesis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Artificial photosynthesis is the mimicking of the natural photosynthetic energy conversion process using synthetic models. The associated study of these model is vital for understanding the intricate details of light absorption and the subsequent energy and electron transfer processes in natural photosynthesis. Most importantly, research in this area holds promise for technological advances in solar energy conversion and storage for future energy needs. Porphyrin molecules have emerged as logical candidates for the construction of artificial photosynthetic systems due to their similarities with natural photosensitizer chlorophyll molecules. Among the porphyrins, the main-group porphyrins hold a special place due to their unique structural, optical, and redox properties. This chapter reviews some of the recent developments in artificial photosynthesis using main-group porphyrins. First, a summary of the fundamental aspects, energy and electron transfer mechanisms and structural features relevant to artificial photosynthesis, is provided. Then, the synthetic models for the four major molecular components involved in the light reactions of oxygenic photosynthesis, (i) the light-harvesting antenna, (ii) the reaction center complex, (iii) the water splitting complex, and (iv) reductive catalysts, are examined. For each type of model, the design principles and mechanistic details are discussed using selected examples. Finally, the prospects of main-group porphyrins in artificial photosynthesis are argued.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhotosynthesis
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Plants to Nanomaterials
Number of pages31
ISBN (Electronic)9780323983914
ISBN (Print)9780323985703
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Aluminum(III) porphyrin
  • Electron transfer
  • Energy transfer
  • Fullerene
  • Phosphorus(V) porphyrin
  • Solar fuels
  • Tin(V) porphyrin


Dive into the research topics of 'Main-group porphyrins in artificial photosynthesis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this