Magnetoelectroluminescence of organic heterostructures: Analytical theory and spectrally resolved measurements

Feilong Liu, Megan R. Kelley, Scott A. Crooker, Wanyi Nie, Aditya D. Mohite, P. Paul Ruden, Darryl L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The effect of a magnetic field on the electroluminescence of organic light emitting devices originates from the hyperfine interaction between the electron/hole polarons and the hydrogen nuclei of the host molecules. In this paper, we present an analytical theory of magnetoelectroluminescence for organic semiconductors. To be specific, we focus on bilayer heterostructure devices. In the case we are considering, light generation at the interface of the donor and acceptor layers results from the formation and recombination of exciplexes. The spin physics is described by a stochastic Liouville equation for the electron/hole spin density matrix. By finding the steady-state analytical solution using Bloch-Wangsness-Redfield theory, we explore how the singlet/triplet exciplex ratio is affected by the hyperfine interaction strength and by the external magnetic field. To validate the theory, spectrally resolved electroluminescence experiments on BPhen/m-MTDATA devices are analyzed. With increasing emission wavelength, the width of the magnetic field modulation curve of the electroluminescence increases while its depth decreases. These observations are consistent with the model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number235314
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 22 2014

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 American Physical Society.


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