Magnetic sensor for configurable measurement of tension or elasticity with validation in animal soft tissues

Kalpesh Singal, Rajesh Rajamani, Mahdi Ahmadi, A. Serdar Sezen, Joan E. Bechtold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This paper presents a novel Hall-effect-based magnetic sensor for handheld measurement of either elasticity or tension in soft tissues. A theoretical model is developed for the mechanical interaction of the sensor with the tissue, and conditions are established under which the separate effects of tension or elasticity can be measured. A model of the magnetic field within the sensor is developed and a technique to estimate the sensor response in the presence of multiple magnets is established. This paper then provides analytical sensor responses and compares them with experimental results obtained on synthetic materials. It is found that the sensor can measure tension values upto 100 N with a resolution of 10 N in handheld operation and elasticity of upto 0.87 MPa with a resolution of 0.02 MPa. Significant experimental characterization and statistical analysis of sensor repeatability is performed. The viability of this sensor to make tension and elasticity measurements with biological tissues is then demonstrated using turkey tendons and fresh swine tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6895297
Pages (from-to)426-437
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 IEEE.


  • Tissue tension sensor
  • in-vivo tissue tension
  • magnetic tissue property sensor
  • tissue elasticity sensor


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