Magnetic resonance studies of chemically intercalated Li xV 2O 5 aerogels

P. E. Stallworth, F. S. Johnson, S. G. Greenbaum, S. Passerini, J. Flowers, W. Smyrl

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11 Scopus citations


7Li, 51V solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements have been performed upon chemically lithiated Li xV 2O 5 aerogels, with compositions of 1.00<x<5.84. These compounds can intercalate reversibly large amounts of Li + and, therefore, are of interest as battery cathodes. Still, the mechanism regarding the electron transfer from an inserted lithium metal to a host aerogel V 2O 5 and details regarding the lithium cation environments are not fully understood. Li xV 2O 5 crystals are known to exhibit various structural phase changes and, when multiple phases are present, the capability of the material to intercalate reversibly appears to be adversely affected. On the other hand, aerogels have no such multiphase behavior and aerogel based cathodes exhibit greater stability upon cycling. NMR shows that neither the structure nor the dynamics vary greatly with the amount of lithium content, and that the lithiated aerogel is best described as a single-phase material. Characterization of lithium and vanadium sites is performed through analysis of both NMR and EPR spectra. 7Li line shapes are affected by first-order quadrupolar, magnetic dipolar interactions and motional narrowing. At and above room temperature, relaxation is governed primarily by a quadrupolar mechanism. NMR derived activation energies and diffusion coefficients are different from those of bronzes and electrochemically intercalated V 2O 5. 51V NMR lines, indicative of the presence of V 5+ at all compositions, undergo diamagnetic shifts of up to about 50 ppm with an increase in lithium content. These results imply the presence of oxidized impurities or electronic charge delocalization. Additionally, EPR measurements provide evidence of VO 2+ impurities and indirect evidence of nonbridging oxygen at high lithium contents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3839-3852
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 1 2002


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