Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of cardiac function in a swine model of hibernating myocardium 3 months following bypass surgery

Laura L Hocum Stone, Cory M Swingen, Christopher Holley, Christin Wright, Erin Chappuis, Herbert B Ward, Edward O McFalls, Rosemary F Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective Clinical studies demonstrate delayed recovery of hibernating myocardium (HM) following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is effective in identifying HM in clinical settings. Our animal model of HM shows partial but incomplete functional recovery 1 month following CABG using echocardiography. This study uses CMR imaging to determine completeness of recovery 3 months post-CABG. Methods Swine (N = 12) underwent left anterior descending artery (LAD) 1.5-cm constrictor placement creating a territory of HM over 12 weeks. CMR at 12 weeks confirmed hibernation without infarction (N = 12). Off-pump left internal thoracic artery (LITA) to the LAD was performed in 9 animals. Three animals were killed as HM controls. CMR imaging was repeated in revascularized animals before death at 1 (n = 4) or 3 months (n = 5). CMR imaging was performed at baseline and with dobutamine infusion (5 μg/kg/min). Results Twelve weeks after constrictor placement, CMR imaging confirmed viability in LAD region and LAD stenosis in all animals. In HM, wall thickening is reduced at baseline but with contractile reserve present during dobutamine infusion. Following revascularization, CMR imaging confirmed patent LITA graft (n = 9). Analysis of baseline regional function shows incomplete recovery of HM following CABG, with reduced contractile reserve at both 1 and 3 months post-CABG. Conclusions CMR imaging provides accurate spatial resolution of regional contractile function and confirms the presence of HM at 12 weeks following instrumentation of the LAD. Three months following CABG, partial recovery of HM with contractile reserve is present in the single LAD territory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)582-590
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume153
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

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Myocardium
Swine
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Coronary Artery Bypass
Transplants
Arteries
Thoracic Arteries
Dobutamine
Hibernation
Infarction
Echocardiography
Pathologic Constriction
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Animal Models

Keywords

  • cardiac MRI
  • hibernating myocardium
  • ischemia

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Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of cardiac function in a swine model of hibernating myocardium 3 months following bypass surgery. / Hocum Stone, Laura L; Swingen, Cory M; Holley, Christopher; Wright, Christin; Chappuis, Erin; Ward, Herbert B; McFalls, Edward O; Kelly, Rosemary F.

In: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Vol. 153, No. 3, 01.03.2017, p. 582-590.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hocum Stone, Laura L ; Swingen, Cory M ; Holley, Christopher ; Wright, Christin ; Chappuis, Erin ; Ward, Herbert B ; McFalls, Edward O ; Kelly, Rosemary F. / Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of cardiac function in a swine model of hibernating myocardium 3 months following bypass surgery. In: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2017 ; Vol. 153, No. 3. pp. 582-590.
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title = "Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of cardiac function in a swine model of hibernating myocardium 3 months following bypass surgery",
abstract = "Objective Clinical studies demonstrate delayed recovery of hibernating myocardium (HM) following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is effective in identifying HM in clinical settings. Our animal model of HM shows partial but incomplete functional recovery 1 month following CABG using echocardiography. This study uses CMR imaging to determine completeness of recovery 3 months post-CABG. Methods Swine (N = 12) underwent left anterior descending artery (LAD) 1.5-cm constrictor placement creating a territory of HM over 12 weeks. CMR at 12 weeks confirmed hibernation without infarction (N = 12). Off-pump left internal thoracic artery (LITA) to the LAD was performed in 9 animals. Three animals were killed as HM controls. CMR imaging was repeated in revascularized animals before death at 1 (n = 4) or 3 months (n = 5). CMR imaging was performed at baseline and with dobutamine infusion (5 μg/kg/min). Results Twelve weeks after constrictor placement, CMR imaging confirmed viability in LAD region and LAD stenosis in all animals. In HM, wall thickening is reduced at baseline but with contractile reserve present during dobutamine infusion. Following revascularization, CMR imaging confirmed patent LITA graft (n = 9). Analysis of baseline regional function shows incomplete recovery of HM following CABG, with reduced contractile reserve at both 1 and 3 months post-CABG. Conclusions CMR imaging provides accurate spatial resolution of regional contractile function and confirms the presence of HM at 12 weeks following instrumentation of the LAD. Three months following CABG, partial recovery of HM with contractile reserve is present in the single LAD territory.",
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AU - Hocum Stone, Laura L

AU - Swingen, Cory M

AU - Holley, Christopher

AU - Wright, Christin

AU - Chappuis, Erin

AU - Ward, Herbert B

AU - McFalls, Edward O

AU - Kelly, Rosemary F

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N2 - Objective Clinical studies demonstrate delayed recovery of hibernating myocardium (HM) following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is effective in identifying HM in clinical settings. Our animal model of HM shows partial but incomplete functional recovery 1 month following CABG using echocardiography. This study uses CMR imaging to determine completeness of recovery 3 months post-CABG. Methods Swine (N = 12) underwent left anterior descending artery (LAD) 1.5-cm constrictor placement creating a territory of HM over 12 weeks. CMR at 12 weeks confirmed hibernation without infarction (N = 12). Off-pump left internal thoracic artery (LITA) to the LAD was performed in 9 animals. Three animals were killed as HM controls. CMR imaging was repeated in revascularized animals before death at 1 (n = 4) or 3 months (n = 5). CMR imaging was performed at baseline and with dobutamine infusion (5 μg/kg/min). Results Twelve weeks after constrictor placement, CMR imaging confirmed viability in LAD region and LAD stenosis in all animals. In HM, wall thickening is reduced at baseline but with contractile reserve present during dobutamine infusion. Following revascularization, CMR imaging confirmed patent LITA graft (n = 9). Analysis of baseline regional function shows incomplete recovery of HM following CABG, with reduced contractile reserve at both 1 and 3 months post-CABG. Conclusions CMR imaging provides accurate spatial resolution of regional contractile function and confirms the presence of HM at 12 weeks following instrumentation of the LAD. Three months following CABG, partial recovery of HM with contractile reserve is present in the single LAD territory.

AB - Objective Clinical studies demonstrate delayed recovery of hibernating myocardium (HM) following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is effective in identifying HM in clinical settings. Our animal model of HM shows partial but incomplete functional recovery 1 month following CABG using echocardiography. This study uses CMR imaging to determine completeness of recovery 3 months post-CABG. Methods Swine (N = 12) underwent left anterior descending artery (LAD) 1.5-cm constrictor placement creating a territory of HM over 12 weeks. CMR at 12 weeks confirmed hibernation without infarction (N = 12). Off-pump left internal thoracic artery (LITA) to the LAD was performed in 9 animals. Three animals were killed as HM controls. CMR imaging was repeated in revascularized animals before death at 1 (n = 4) or 3 months (n = 5). CMR imaging was performed at baseline and with dobutamine infusion (5 μg/kg/min). Results Twelve weeks after constrictor placement, CMR imaging confirmed viability in LAD region and LAD stenosis in all animals. In HM, wall thickening is reduced at baseline but with contractile reserve present during dobutamine infusion. Following revascularization, CMR imaging confirmed patent LITA graft (n = 9). Analysis of baseline regional function shows incomplete recovery of HM following CABG, with reduced contractile reserve at both 1 and 3 months post-CABG. Conclusions CMR imaging provides accurate spatial resolution of regional contractile function and confirms the presence of HM at 12 weeks following instrumentation of the LAD. Three months following CABG, partial recovery of HM with contractile reserve is present in the single LAD territory.

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