Magnetic ordering of antiferromagnets on a spatially anisotropic triangular lattice

R. F. Bishop, P. H.Y. Li, D. J.J. Farnell, C. E. Campbell

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study the spin-1/2 and spin-1 J1 - J2′ Heisenberg antiferromagnets (HAFs) on an infinite, anisotropic, two-dimensional triangular lattice, using the coupled cluster method. With respect to an underlying square-lattice geometry the model contains antiferromagnetic (J 1 > 0) bonds between nearest neighbours and competing (J 2′, > ,0) bonds between next-nearest-neighbours across only one of the diagonals of each square plaquette, the same diagonal in each square. In a topologically equivalent triangular-lattice geometry the model has two sorts of nearest-neighbour bonds, with J2' ≡ κJ 1 bonds along parallel chains and with J1 bonds providing an interchain coupling. The model thus interpolates between an isotropic HAF on the square lattice at one extreme (κ = 0) and a set of decoupled chains at the other (κ → ∞), with the isotropic HAF on the triangular lattice in between at κ = 1. For the spin-1/2 J1 - J 2′ model, we find a weakly first-order (or possibly second-order) quantum phase transition from a Néel-ordered state to a helical state at a first critical point at κc1 = 0.80 ± 0.01, and a second critical point at κc2 = 1.8 ± 0.4 where a first-order transition occurs between the helical state and a collinear stripe-ordered state. For the corresponding spin-1 model we find an analogous transition of the second-order type at κc1 = 0.62 ± 0.01 between states with Néel and helical ordering, but we find no evidence of a further transition in this case to a stripe-ordered phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5011-5026
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics B
Volume24
Issue number25-26
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2010

Keywords

  • Quantum magnet
  • coupled cluster method
  • quantum phase transition

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