Magnetic field enhanced coercivity of Fe nanoparticles embedded in antiferromagnetic MnN films

Jinming Liu, Delin Zhang, Kai Wu, Xudong Hang, Jian Ping Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The exchange coupling effect in nanocomposite samples with ferromagnetic (FM) body-centred tetragonal (bct) Fe nanoparticles (NPs) (∼20 nm) embedded in an MnN antiferromagnetic (AFM) matrix is investigated. Both the bct Fe NPs control sample and the MnN ( nm)\bct Fe NPs\MnN (20-35 nm)\Ta (5 nm) nanocomposite samples are synthesized by a gas-phase condensation method. Both the coercivity and the remanence ratio of the nanocomposite samples are significantly enhanced compared with the bct Fe NPs sample. The coercivity and the remanence ratio increase with MnN thickness up to 30 nm and then decrease. Additionally, the exchange coupling strength between the bct Fe NPs and AFM MnN matrix is enhanced by magnetic field training. The magnetic field training leads to a higher coercivity and remanence ratio after one cycle of field-cooled hysteresis loop measurement. The coercivity of the composite sample increases by 80%, while the remanence ratio increases by around 30% compared with the bct Fe NPs sample. This work may provide an alternative approach to the design and manufacturing of FM-AFM exchange-coupled permanent magnets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number035003
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

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Coercive force
coercivity
Remanence
Magnetic fields
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
remanence
magnetic fields
Nanocomposites
Exchange coupling
nanocomposites
education
Hysteresis loops
Permanent magnets
matrices
Condensation
permanent magnets
Gases
manufacturing
condensation

Keywords

  • antiferromagnetic MnN
  • bct Fe nanoparticles
  • magnetic nanoparticles
  • nanocomposite
  • permanent magnet

Cite this

Magnetic field enhanced coercivity of Fe nanoparticles embedded in antiferromagnetic MnN films. / Liu, Jinming; Zhang, Delin; Wu, Kai; Hang, Xudong; Wang, Jian Ping.

In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 53, No. 3, 035003, 01.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The exchange coupling effect in nanocomposite samples with ferromagnetic (FM) body-centred tetragonal (bct) Fe nanoparticles (NPs) (∼20 nm) embedded in an MnN antiferromagnetic (AFM) matrix is investigated. Both the bct Fe NPs control sample and the MnN ( nm)\bct Fe NPs\MnN (20-35 nm)\Ta (5 nm) nanocomposite samples are synthesized by a gas-phase condensation method. Both the coercivity and the remanence ratio of the nanocomposite samples are significantly enhanced compared with the bct Fe NPs sample. The coercivity and the remanence ratio increase with MnN thickness up to 30 nm and then decrease. Additionally, the exchange coupling strength between the bct Fe NPs and AFM MnN matrix is enhanced by magnetic field training. The magnetic field training leads to a higher coercivity and remanence ratio after one cycle of field-cooled hysteresis loop measurement. The coercivity of the composite sample increases by 80%, while the remanence ratio increases by around 30% compared with the bct Fe NPs sample. This work may provide an alternative approach to the design and manufacturing of FM-AFM exchange-coupled permanent magnets.

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