Magnesium-aspartate-hydrochloride reduces weight loss in heat-stressed laying hens.

D. J. Donoghue, W. F. Krueger, A. M. Donoghue, J. A. Byrd, D. H. Ali, M. E. el Halawani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two separate experiments were conducted to determine the ability of magnesium aspartate hydrochloride (Mg-Asp-HCl) to antagonize the effects of thermal stress in laying hens. In both experiments, hens were exposed to either a cyclic ambient temperature of 27 C to 35 C (hyperthermic group) or 23 C (control group) for 7 days. In Experiment 1, hens were given a single injection of either saline, 40 mg, or 80 mg Mg-Asp-HCl. Experiment 2 hens received a single injection of saline, 40 mg Mg-Asp-HCl, or twice daily injection of 40 mg Mg-Asp-HCl. In both experiments, heat-stressed hens had elevated body temperature and reduced body weight, feed consumption, and circulating mean Mg concentrations. Hyperthermic hens also had reduced egg weights in Experiment 1. A single daily injection of 40 mg of Mg-Asp-HCl significantly reduced body weight loss in heat stressed hens by 41 and 51%, in Experiment 1 and 2, respectively, when compared with heat-stressed hens not receiving Mg-Asp-HCl (controls). The Mg-Asp-HCl treatment did not affect overall feed intake, egg production, or body temperature in either experiment. The highest dose of Mg-Asp-HCl (80 mg) elevated circulating magnesium concentrations. A single daily injection of 80 mg of Mg-Asp-HCl or twice daily injections of 40 mg Mg-Asp-HCl did not provide any additional benefit when compared with a single daily dose of 40 mg. The antistress effects of Mg-Asp-HCl are apparent in these experiments as evidenced by the increased body weight of heat-stressed hens. Use of this compound may prove to be beneficial in maintaining the performance characteristics of poultry exposed to elevated ambient temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1862-1868
Number of pages7
JournalPoultry science
Volume69
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1990

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    Donoghue, D. J., Krueger, W. F., Donoghue, A. M., Byrd, J. A., Ali, D. H., & el Halawani, M. E. (1990). Magnesium-aspartate-hydrochloride reduces weight loss in heat-stressed laying hens. Poultry science, 69(11), 1862-1868. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0691862