Macroalgae, as one of the important photosynthetic organisms in the marine environment are widely used in various fields, particularly in the production of food and pharmaceuticals. Given their wide distribution, easy accessibility and high efficiency in fixing carbon dioxide through the carbon concentrating mechanism, they can produce abundant nutriments or metabolites. Moreover, macroalgae can assimilate nitrogen and phosphorus bases on the purification of wastewater, and thus further accumulate high levels of bioactive substances. This review mainly introduces the distribution characteristics of macroalgae and their unique bioactive applications in food, medicine and environmental remediation. Their functional ingredients and bioactive substances are beneficial in food production and/or medicine development. Resource utilization of macroalgae coupled with wastewater and waste gas treatment would provide a sustainable path for bioactive substances production.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (32170369), the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (LZJWY22B070001), University of Minnesota MnDrive Environment Program (MNE12), and University of Minnesota Center for Biorefining.
© 2022 by the authors.
- bioactive substances
- food applications
- resource utilization
- wastewater and waste gas treatment
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article