LynA regulates an inflammation-sensitive signaling checkpoint in macrophages

Tanya S. Freedman, Ying X. Tan, Katarzyna M. Skrzypczynska, Boryana N. Manz, Frances V. Sjaastad, Helen S. Goodridge, Clifford A. Lowell, Arthur Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Clustering of receptors associated with immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) initiates the macrophage antimicrobial response. ITAM receptors engage Src-family tyrosine kinases (SFKs) to initiate phagocytosis and macrophage activation. Macrophages also encounter nonpathogenic molecules that cluster receptors weakly and must tune their sensitivity to avoid inappropriate responses. To investigate this response threshold, we compared signaling in the presence and absence of receptor clustering using a small-molecule inhibitor of Csk, which increased SFK activation and produced robust membrane-proximal signaling. Surprisingly, receptorindependent SFK activation led to a downstream signaling blockade associated with rapid degradation of the SFK LynA. Inflammatory priming of macrophages upregulated LynA and promoted receptor-independent signaling. In contrast, clustering the hemi-ITAM receptor Dectin-1 induced signaling that did not require LynA or inflammatory priming. Together, the basal-state signaling checkpoint regulated by LynA expression and degradation and the signaling reorganization initiated by receptor clustering allow cells to discriminate optimally between pathogens and nonpathogens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere09183
JournaleLife
Volume4
Issue numberOCTOBER2015
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 30 2015

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© Freedman et al.

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