Lung Transplant Recipients With Prior Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Are at Increased Risk of Death and Early Perioperative Hemorrhage

Rishav Aggarwal, Scott Jackson, Nicholas T Lemke, Sara J Shumway, Rose F Kelly, Marshall Hertz, Stephen J Huddleston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been considered a relative contraindication to lung transplantation due to the atherosclerotic disease burden and technical challenges. We hypothesized that lung transplant recipients with prior CABG have increased mortality compared to recipients without prior CABG. Further, the causes of death are different for lung transplant recipients with prior CABG vs without CABG. The Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients database was queried to define the survival and causes of death of lung transplant recipients with or without CABG during the Lung Allocation Score era from May 5, 2005 to December 31, 2015. The primary end-points were all-cause mortality at 1 year and 5 years, as well as mortality due to major causes of death. This retrospective study cohort included a total of 13,064 lung transplant recipients, of whom 319 patients had previously undergone CABG, representing 2.4% of all transplants. Patients without prior CABG were more likely to have undergone bilateral lung transplantation compared to those with prior CABG (61.2 % vs 15.7%, P < 0.001). Among patients with prior CABG, single right lung transplant was most common. Overall patient survival at 1 year was 76.8% for lung transplant recipients with prior CABG and 85.4% for patients without prior CABG. Freedom from death due to graft failure at 1 and 5 years in patients with a prior CABG was 93.1% and 76.2% respectively, cardiac and/or cerebrovascular disease 96.2% and 88.5% respectively, and hemorrhage 97.9% and 97.5% respectively. In a multivariate Cox regression model utilizing time-dependent coefficients for recipient age, prior CABG, among several other risk factors, was associated with increased mortality within 1 year. Prior CABG is associated with short- and long-term mortality in lung transplant recipients with history of CABG despite the majority of these patients undergoing single lung transplantation vs bilateral lung transplantation. Graft failure and/or pulmonary causes are the most common cause of death regardless of whether or not the lung transplant recipient had prior CABG, but patients with prior CABG are at increased risk of death due to graft failure, cardiac or cerebrovascular disease, and hemorrhage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSeminars in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
Early online dateMay 21 2021
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - May 21 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Coronary artery bypass grafting
  • Lung transplantation

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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