Lung Cancer Messages on Twitter: Content Analysis and Evaluation

Jeannette Sutton, Sarah C. Vos, Michele K. Olson, Chelsea Woods, Elisia L Cohen, C. Ben Gibson, Nolan Edward Phillips, Jamie L. Studts, Jan M. Eberth, Carter T. Butts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this project was to describe and evaluate the levels of lung cancer communication across the cancer prevention and control continuum for content posted to Twitter during a 10-day period (September 30 to October 9) in 2016. Methods: Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to identify relationships between tweet characteristics in lung cancer communication on Twitter and user-level data. Overall, 3,000 tweets published between September 30 and October 9 were assessed by a team of three coders. Lung cancer–specific tweets by user type (individuals, media, and organizations) were examined to identify content and structural message features. The study also assessed differences by user type in the use of hashtags, directed messages, health topic focus, and lung cancer–specific focus across the cancer control continuum. Results: Across the universe of lung cancer tweets, the majority of tweets focused on treatment and the use of pharmaceutical and research interventions, followed by awareness and prevention and risk topics. Among all lung cancer tweets, messages were most consistently tweeted by individual users, and personal behavioral mobilizing cues to action were rare. Conclusions: Lung cancer advocates, as well as patient and medical advocacy organizations, with an interest in expanding the reach and effectiveness of social media efforts should monitor the topical nature of public tweets across the cancer continuum and consider integrating cues to action as a strategy to increase engagement and behavioral activation pertaining to lung cancer reduction efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-217
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Radiology
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Social media
  • Twitter messaging
  • content analysis
  • lung cancer

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

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  • Cite this

    Sutton, J., Vos, S. C., Olson, M. K., Woods, C., Cohen, E. L., Gibson, C. B., Phillips, N. E., Studts, J. L., Eberth, J. M., & Butts, C. T. (2018). Lung Cancer Messages on Twitter: Content Analysis and Evaluation. Journal of the American College of Radiology, 15(1), 210-217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacr.2017.09.043