17O relaxation times in the rat brain at 16.4 tesla

Hannes M. Wiesner, Dávid Z. Balla, G. Shajan, Klaus Scheffler, Kâmil Uğurbil, Wei Chen, Kâmil Uludağ, Rolf Pohmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Purpose Measurement of the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) by means of direct imaging of the 17O signal can be a valuable tool in neuroscientific research. However, knowledge of the longitudinal and transverse relaxation times of different brain tissue types is required, which is difficult to obtain because of the low sensitivity of natural abundance H217O measurements. Methods Using the improved sensitivity at a field strength of 16.4 Tesla, relaxation time measurements in the rat brain were performed in vivo and postmortem with relatively high spatial resolutions, using a chemical shift imaging sequence. Results In vivo relaxation times of rat brain were found to be T1 = 6.84 ± 0.67 ms and T2∗ = 1.77 ± 0.04 ms. Postmortem H217O relaxometry at enriched concentrations after inhalation of 17O2 showed similar T2∗ values for gray matter (1.87 ± 0.04 ms) and white matter, significantly longer than muscle (1.27 ± 0.05 ms) and shorter than cerebrospinal fluid (2.30 ± 0.16 ms). Conclusion Relaxation times of brain H217O were measured for the first time in vivo in different types of tissues with high spatial resolution. Because the relaxation times of H217O are expected to be independent of field strength, our results should help in optimizing the acquisition parameters for experiments also at other MRI field strengths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1886-1893
Number of pages8
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Grant sponsor: Max Planck Society and NIH; Grant numbers: NS41262; NS070839; P41 RR08079.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


  • HO
  • MRSI
  • X-Nuclei
  • brain water distribution
  • natural abundance oxygen-17
  • quadrupolar relaxation
  • quantification
  • relaxation times
  • spectroscopic imaging
  • ultra-high field


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