Lower respiratory illnesses promote FEV1 decline in current smokers but not ex-smokers with mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Results from the Lung Health Study

Richard E. Kanner, Nicholas R. Anthonisen, John E. Connett

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501 Scopus citations

Abstract

We analyzed Lung Health Study (LHS) data to assess the effect of self-reported lower respiratory illnesses resulting in physician visits (LRI) on lung function. Participants were 5,887 smokers aged 35-60 yr, FEV1/FVC < 0.70 and FEV1 of 55-90% predicted. Two-thirds were randomized into an intensive smoking cessation program (SI); one-third were advised only to stop smoking (UC). For 5 yr participants had annual spirometry and questioning regarding LRI. SI had greater rates of smoking cessation than usual care (UC) with fewer LRI (p = 0.0008). Sustained quitters had fewer LRI than continuing smokers (p = 0.0003). In the year LRI occurred, FEV1 did not change in sustained quitters, but decreased significantly in smokers (p = 0.0001) with some recovery the following year if no LRI occurred. Over 5 yr, LRI had a significant effect on rate of decline of FEV1 only in smokers. In smokers averaging one LRI/yr over 5 yr there were additional declines in FEV1 of 7 ml/yr (p = 0.001). Smokers with more than one LRI/yr had greater declines. Chronic bronchitis was associated with increased frequencies of LRI, but did not affect their influence on lung function. Smoking and LRI had an interactive effect on FEV1 in people with mild COPD, and in smokers frequent LRI may influence the long-term course of the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)358-364
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume164
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2001

Keywords

  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Lower respiratory infections
  • Smoking

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