Low-temperature specific heat of doped SrTi O3: Doping dependence of the effective mass and Kadowaki-Woods scaling violation

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Abstract

We report wide-doping-range (8×1017 to 4×1020cm-3 Hall electron density) low-temperature specific heat measurements on single crystal SrTiO3:Nb, correlated with electronic transport data and tight-binding modeling. Lattice dynamic contributions to specific heat are shown to be well understood, albeit with unusual sensitivity to doping, likely related to the behavior of soft modes. Electronic contributions to specific heat provide effective masses that increase substantially, from 1.8 to 4.8me, across the two SrTiO3 Lifshitz transitions. It is shown that this behavior can be quantitatively reconciled with quantum oscillation data and calculated band structure, establishing a remarkably doping-independent mass enhancement factor of 2.0. Most importantly, with the doping-dependent T2 resistivity prefactor and Sommerfeld coefficient known, Kadowaki-Woods scaling has been tested over the entire doping range probed. Despite classic Fermi liquid behavior in electronic specific heat, standard Kadowaki-Woods scaling is dramatically violated, highlighting the need for new theoretical descriptions of T2 resistivity in SrTiO3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number022001
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2019

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Specific heat
Wood
Doping (additives)
specific heat
scaling
Temperature
electronics
Fermi liquids
Thermal variables measurement
electrical resistivity
Lattice vibrations
Band structure
Carrier concentration
heat measurement
Single crystals
oscillations
augmentation
sensitivity
single crystals
coefficients

Cite this

@article{7ecdef06e06d4d94b09fcf196e246ad0,
title = "Low-temperature specific heat of doped SrTi O3: Doping dependence of the effective mass and Kadowaki-Woods scaling violation",
abstract = "We report wide-doping-range (8×1017 to 4×1020cm-3 Hall electron density) low-temperature specific heat measurements on single crystal SrTiO3:Nb, correlated with electronic transport data and tight-binding modeling. Lattice dynamic contributions to specific heat are shown to be well understood, albeit with unusual sensitivity to doping, likely related to the behavior of soft modes. Electronic contributions to specific heat provide effective masses that increase substantially, from 1.8 to 4.8me, across the two SrTiO3 Lifshitz transitions. It is shown that this behavior can be quantitatively reconciled with quantum oscillation data and calculated band structure, establishing a remarkably doping-independent mass enhancement factor of 2.0. Most importantly, with the doping-dependent T2 resistivity prefactor and Sommerfeld coefficient known, Kadowaki-Woods scaling has been tested over the entire doping range probed. Despite classic Fermi liquid behavior in electronic specific heat, standard Kadowaki-Woods scaling is dramatically violated, highlighting the need for new theoretical descriptions of T2 resistivity in SrTiO3.",
author = "Eric McCalla and {Navarro Gastiasoro}, Maria and G. Cassuto and Fernandes, {Rafael M} and Chris Leighton",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.022001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
journal = "Physical Review Materials",
issn = "2475-9953",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "2",

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T1 - Low-temperature specific heat of doped SrTi O3

T2 - Doping dependence of the effective mass and Kadowaki-Woods scaling violation

AU - McCalla, Eric

AU - Navarro Gastiasoro, Maria

AU - Cassuto, G.

AU - Fernandes, Rafael M

AU - Leighton, Chris

PY - 2019/2/15

Y1 - 2019/2/15

N2 - We report wide-doping-range (8×1017 to 4×1020cm-3 Hall electron density) low-temperature specific heat measurements on single crystal SrTiO3:Nb, correlated with electronic transport data and tight-binding modeling. Lattice dynamic contributions to specific heat are shown to be well understood, albeit with unusual sensitivity to doping, likely related to the behavior of soft modes. Electronic contributions to specific heat provide effective masses that increase substantially, from 1.8 to 4.8me, across the two SrTiO3 Lifshitz transitions. It is shown that this behavior can be quantitatively reconciled with quantum oscillation data and calculated band structure, establishing a remarkably doping-independent mass enhancement factor of 2.0. Most importantly, with the doping-dependent T2 resistivity prefactor and Sommerfeld coefficient known, Kadowaki-Woods scaling has been tested over the entire doping range probed. Despite classic Fermi liquid behavior in electronic specific heat, standard Kadowaki-Woods scaling is dramatically violated, highlighting the need for new theoretical descriptions of T2 resistivity in SrTiO3.

AB - We report wide-doping-range (8×1017 to 4×1020cm-3 Hall electron density) low-temperature specific heat measurements on single crystal SrTiO3:Nb, correlated with electronic transport data and tight-binding modeling. Lattice dynamic contributions to specific heat are shown to be well understood, albeit with unusual sensitivity to doping, likely related to the behavior of soft modes. Electronic contributions to specific heat provide effective masses that increase substantially, from 1.8 to 4.8me, across the two SrTiO3 Lifshitz transitions. It is shown that this behavior can be quantitatively reconciled with quantum oscillation data and calculated band structure, establishing a remarkably doping-independent mass enhancement factor of 2.0. Most importantly, with the doping-dependent T2 resistivity prefactor and Sommerfeld coefficient known, Kadowaki-Woods scaling has been tested over the entire doping range probed. Despite classic Fermi liquid behavior in electronic specific heat, standard Kadowaki-Woods scaling is dramatically violated, highlighting the need for new theoretical descriptions of T2 resistivity in SrTiO3.

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